Search engine optimization has
come full circle in the last couple of years.
Back in the mid 1990s it was easy to achieve high search engine rankings. Just
tweak your META tags and site copy with keywords and submit. Then, as more and
more webmasters started to catch on to META Tags, it became more difficult to
beat the competition. Many companies turned to spam tactics such as hidden text
(the same color as the background of the page), hidden links (using 1 x 1 pixel
gifs to hide them), doorway pages stuffed with keywords and cloaked content, all
designed to be seen by search engine robots and not humans in an attempt to
trick the search engines into giving the site a higher ranking.
Thankfully, over the past few years, achieving high search rankings has become
fairer and more straight-forward. The search engines have given less weighting
to META tags and more relevancy weighting to sites that are popular, of high
quality and contain unique, relevant information. Most search engines have
developed comprehensive spam filters that weed out the spammers from the
legitimate sites and penalize sites caught trying to cheat the system. Google in
particular has led the charge for quality over quantity.
Fortunately, the web site aspects that most search engines prefer are also those
that visitors prefer. Build a quality site with plenty of text, up-to-date,
relevant content that other sites link to, a solid navigation system, submit it
by hand to popular directories and search engines and you will be on your way to
high rankings in no time. It's not difficult, it's not tricky and it certainly
doesn't involve any black magic.
That's why I find it difficult to understand search engine optimizers who party
like it's 1999 - using invisible text and hidden links in some pathetic,
misguided attempt to trick the search engines into believing their site content
is the most relevant. I mean, what are they thinking? I've heard excuses like
"the search engine guidelines are unclear so we have no choice but to push the
envelope". Give me a break. The search engine guidelines are quite obvious to
those who are actually good at SEO and understand what is necessary to achieve
results for their clients. Many search engines even publish their guidelines
clear as day on their sites. Unfortunately, it seems this industry is full of
lazy non-performers who prefer to rely on outdated cheat sheets that haven't
worked for years.
I am so sick of all the cowboy SEO firms who clog up the search engine indices
with meaningless keyword-stuffed pages, in a vain attempt to dominate the search
rankings with their client's sites. Don't they do any research? Don't they read
the search engine guidelines? Don't they understand these tactics are fruitless
and ineffective? Don't they know these techniques haven't worked for years and
are regarded as spamming? Don't they realize they are putting their client's
sites at risk of ranking penalties or outright banning? Don't they care about
the long term effects and the future of their client's web sites?
To see an example of these blatant spamming techniques, visit Google.com and
type in a search for "new zealand power companies". Visit the first site in the
results (a doorway page), right click the page with your mouse and choose
"select all". Run your mouse over the darkened area at the bottom left of the
page. See all the hidden links? All leading to yet more doorway pages.
This second example is trickier to find because it appears that Google has
already penalized it. Go to Google.com and type in a search for "shopping new zealand must involve a visit". Check out the
second page in the results (another doorway) and have a close look at the little arrows in near invisible font at the
bottom of the page next to "more". Each one of those arrows leads to another
doorway page stuffed with more keywords. I've even seen examples of companies
hiding thousands of keywords in CSS tags or tables that are coded to an extreme
left or right position so they don't actually appear on the visible page.
What is the point of these tactics? Even if they go unreported, Google will
eventually locate the spam and degrade or ban the pages. It makes no sense to me
why SEO firms would take such risks with their client's sites when it is so much
easier to get good results using the methods recommended by the search engines.
But as bad as spammy SEO firms are, there are worse offenders. These are the
spammy SEO firms who like to propagate myth and legend by publishing articles
that are misleading, deceptive and often downright false. No wonder webmasters
are confused when it comes to search engines and no wonder there are more cowboy
SEO spammers springing up every day. With the amount of incorrect information
floating around out there, it is extremely difficult for newcomers to sort out
fact from fiction.
The sad thing is that many of these spam propagators justify their rubbish with
endorsements from big name marketers or influential web marketing firms who
allow them to speak at conferences and seminars and spread their misinformation.
Some of these spam propagators have even set up their own training schools to
educate people in deceptive SEO tactics.
It really rankles me when I see faulty advice such as the following being
circulated to unsuspecting webmasters:
"...you could place content inside of the <noframes> tag, even though the
site isn't in frames...it's also not something that's likely to get you in
trouble with Google as long as the content is relevant to your page."
Creating content designed to be hidden from viewers and shown only to search
engines by misleading use of a tag meant for a frames-based page? I am almost
certain Google would have a problem with that. What type of example are these
people trying to set? To think they are actually teaching these tactics to
future webmasters is beyond comprehension.
So what can you do to fight back the spam propagators? For starters:
1) Study the search engine guidelines such as those outlined at:
2) Circulate articles like this one to other webmasters
3) Spend time in knowledgeable webmaster forums such as http://www.ihelpyouservices.com/forums/
4) Make sure you report any cases of search engine spamming to Google (http://www.google.com/contact/spamreport.html)
and the other search engines as soon as you spot them.
When we cut spammers off at the source, we can stop the spread of misinformation
and all benefit from the results.
Copyright © 2003 by Kalena Jordan. All rights reserved under U.S. and international
The above article may be
re-published as long as the content remains unchanged and the following
paragraph is included at the end of the article, including the URL links:
Article by Kalena Jordan, one of the first search engine optimization experts in Australia and New Zealand, who is well known and respected in the industry, particularly in the U.S. As well as running her own SEO business Web Rank, Kalena manages Search Engine College, an online training institution offering instructor-led short courses and downloadable self-study courses in Search Engine Optimization and Search Engine Marketing subjects.
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